All across Europe, we can find countless Roman settlements allegedly built by the Romans. For example, there are the Ruins of Conimbriga, believed to have been built by the Romans – but new research shows why that is unlikely.
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Who Built Conimbriga?
The answer to that question seems to be an easy one. Look it up in history books, and you will find: “Conímbriga is one of the largest Roman settlements excavated in Portugal.”
Wikipedia says about these ancient ruins: “Like many archaeological sites, Conímbriga [was] evolved sequentially and built up by successive layers, with the primary period of occupation beginning in the 9th century; during this period the area was occupied by a Castro culture.” In fact, this phrase says what really happened with Conímbriga: evolved sequentially and built up by successive layers. That is what this very ancient site is all about, but on a much more ancient scale than anyone could previously imagine.
Why do we have to excavate something that was only about 2,000 years ago? Most people think that 2,000 years is old because they cannot comprehend “age” much beyond their own limited lifespan. They tend to think 2,000 is very ancient, and therefore excavation sounds valid. Yet, it is not plausible, because most people, even archaeologists, have no idea how soil builds up over time.
The average rate for soil to build up in the region around the Mediterranean is not more than 1 inch per 1,000 years. Hence, an alleged Roman settlement, which has been excavated from a depth of some 10 feet (3 meters), is considerably older than 100,000 years.
Another Example of an Alleged Roman Settlement: Baalbek
UNESCO, one of the largest guardian angels of ancient monuments in the world says about Baalbek: “Baalbek, with its colossal structures, is one of the finest examples of Imperial Roman architecture at its apogee.”
But it is well known that the Romans never had the ability to lift Stones as heavy as those that can be found in the foundations and walls of Baalbek. Sometimes they exceed 1,000 tonnes! The Romans could lift only a maximum of about 6 tonnes, while their average lift capability was around 2 tonnes.
Why would the Roman empire built in the middle of nowhere, in one of their occupied territories, one of the grandest temples they had ever built, using stones far above their ability to handle?
The fact is, they did not. They hijacked a much older culture, burnt their records, and persecuted and killed their intelligentsia, and claimed their ancient structures as their own. Contemporary dictators behave in a similar fashion.
Why does UNESCO ignore these simple and obvious facts? Because their paradigm prevents them to even consider the real facts – the truth – and this truth is unbelievably simple and incredibly obvious at the same time. Humans, in their present form, have walked the face of this Earth for more than 400,000 years, and they have been continuously active all this time. The massive structures they left behind – all over the world – are a mute testimony to this fact. However, several extinction events such as natural catastrophes of biblical proportions have repeatedly wiped out these ‘lost civilizations’, leaving us amazed at what remains of their magnificent structures.
How Old are Ground Layers?
Chronostratigraphy is the branch of stratigraphy that studies the age of rock strata in relation to time. It can tell us something about the age of a construction relative to the depth of its foundation.
For example, if we must dig up the ground floors of an ancient building somewhere between 20 and 30 feet (6 to 9 meters) deep, how old could that structure be? It depends on the type of soil.
For example, if you investigate the depth-time relation of an average peatland, you will have to dig down to a depth of about 10 feet (3m) to find the remains of human existence going back about 5,000 years.
The deeper you go, the firmer the ground becomes and the longer it takes for compression to manifest. In the same peatlands, you will have to dig down 20 feet (6m) to find the remains of an age of about 25,000 years. It shows how soil compression proceeds. Note that you cannot draw reliable and specific conclusions from this example, but it provides some indications.
It also gives us confirmations of what we already know from the orientation patterns.
Deep Excavations in Solid Terrain
If we do the same in more solid, rocky terrain without much vegetation you will see that at the same depth of about 10 feet (3m), things are much older. At 10 feet (3m) depth, these sediments can easily be 300,000 years old.
From the mainstream paradigm point of view, it would be a problem when we find ancient constructions or artifacts at a depth of many feet (m), in that kind of soil. Geologists are not funded to provide evaluations which could harm the paradigm of archaeology.
If we look around the world, at the countless ancient structures which have been excavated, we see that most ancient structures had to be excavated from layers which are many hundreds of thousands of years old.
Is Our Ancient History Falsified?
Across Europe, numerous Roman settlements can be found. For example, the Ruins of Conimbriga. According to historians, they had been built by the Romans. But new research shows why that is impossible.
This new research shows clearly that the Roman era simply overtook much older cultures, destroyed its values and claimed the remains as their own. It seems that the Romans were guilty of one of the largest fabrications and falsifications in history.
We see quite clearly that the rise and fall of the Roman empire, the successive rise of the sheer unlimited power of the Vatican, and the falsification of our history on a grand scale, are all related. Let us not forget the Spanish conquistadors who, under the flag of the same Catholic church, destroyed the entire cultures of the Mayans, Aztecs, and Incas in Latin America.
These were not some minor raids; these were large-scale, well-organized invasions to destroy and cover up ancient history as completely as possible.
An Example of Another Archaeological Problem: Rock Wall in Texas
Take for example the Rock Wall at Rockwall in Texas. Most Americans have never heard of this very ancient wall, although it should take a whole chapter in our history books. But that would destroy much of the established carefully defended paradigms.
Parts of the Rock Wall had to be dug up from a depth ranging from 10 up to 40 feet (3 to 12m). It was discovered by accident in the middle of the 19th century. Even today there is not much knowledge about this wall. The depth at which the wall was found indicates that it is much older than 100,000 years.
From the orientation patterns of the upper parts of this ancient construction, we can conclude it is at least between 240,000 and 270,000 years old. The deeper parts are probably much older, but we have no information about these yet.
Note also, that all findings of this age are beyond the sphere of application for the 14C method.
The paradigm Stone age, Bronze age, and Iron age – an idea for which no one seems to be responsible – do not yet accept or allow a sophisticated and highly organized society beyond an age of 100,000 years. This paradigm is heavily defended by Academia.
A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it.
— Max Planck
Five Geographic Poles Over the Last 340,000 Years
Conimbriga: Orientation Plan
|Building no.||Orientation||Match with Pole|
Conimbriga’s Site Plan
The criss-cross orientation of the buildings at Conimbriga seems to be nothing special. But when we correlate the orientation of the buildings on this site, they correlate with more than 83% with positions the current and former geographic poles. Would that be a coincidence?
Geology tells us the geographic pole did not move over the last one million years, which is also one of the highly defended paradigms. But the odds are only 1 to 1.79×1018 that geologists are right about their ideas of a fixed crust. We have proof that Greenland has repeatedly shifted over the North Pole and that is the reason Greenland is (still) covered in ice. It should be clear that it will slowly melt – and why it will melt – due to its still high latitude.
This is not difficult to understand once you see it from our point of view.
How large are the odds that the orientation of the ruins of Conimbriga correlates with the proven geo poles? That includes our current geographic North pole.
We can sort this out mathematically.
Analyzing Conimbriga’s Orientation Pattern and Conclusions
First of all, and that is something archaeologists have overlooked consistently, the chances for an absolute absence of a clockwise orientation are: 0.56 = 0.0156 ≡ 1.56%. The buildings labeled as “4” in Fig.7 show there was a clear notion of a cardinal system because these structures were oriented to our current North Pole, Pole I.
One could argue that this is still something coincidental and there is indeed an element of doubt. One could argue that a criss-cross orientation pattern occurs in virtually all urban areas, and that is true. On the other hand, the odds for two independent mathematical patterns to correlate with each other are very low, and that is true as well.
That is why we built a specialized simulation model for the specific situation of Conimbriga. We ran 500,000 simulations for this specific set of 6 orientations that we see on the site of Conimbriga. Buildings 1 and 5 (Pole IV) and buildings 3 and 6 (Pole II) correlate with each other because they are similarly oriented and are thus probably built during the same era. Making building orientations dependent on each other in this kind of simulations suppress the probabilities and so making it more unlikely that we are right in our assertions.
Nevertheless, we found a probability of 0.0102% for Conimbriga’s orientation pattern to match coincidentally onto the Poles I to IV. In other words, we are for 99.9898% certain that Conimbriga’s age spans a period of more than 240,000 years. We found similar patterns in almost all other ancient structures around the world, like for example, at Chichen Itza, Teotihuacan, Stonehenge, Nuraghes, the hundreds of Chinese pyramids, Carnac, the Egyptian temples and pyramids, and the temples of Bagan, hence reinforcing our method every time we apply it to an ancient site with a complicated orientation pattern.
It is highly unlikely that the Romans built this settlement. Conimbriga was built by a very ancient lost civilization long before the last ice age. Homo sapiens were clearly present all over the Earth for over many hundreds of thousands of years and their cultures thrived and developed to levels far above ours. But every time when the Earth experienced extinction events, all these ancient cultures were thrown back into survival mode, and that is the image that we have of our ancient ancestors – a species wearing bearskins, using stone tools, while trying to survive. That image may be correct, but it is incomplete because the survivors were the children of a highly advanced civilization that was forced to revert to one of the many so-called stone ages. The same fate is eventually waiting for our present civilization.
© 2015- by Mario Buildreps et al.
Proofreading and editing: J.B.
Dear Mario, love your work.
With regards to Baalbek – the stones where not likely lifted into place, but casted at site. Since the frenchman Joseph Davidovits and his team has found evidence of (sofar) both the pyramids at Giza and the stoneworks at Puma Punku – that the stones are casted and made of weathered stone and a geopolymer binder.
If we look at the nearby quarry at Baalbek we see that the nature of the rock is very weathered – caves and houses is partly carved out of the rock and partly built up by this geopolymer mixture. This indicates that the rock is too soft/instable to cut out the large stones.
If we look at your fig.2 the small square holes in the stones are likely not drilled, but made from wooden beams stuck into the mixture.
The stones are made of limestone. Limestone is very difficult to cut with prescision without cracking the stones. As with Giza, this would result in at least as many discarded stones as stones used – and we do not see that many discarded stones lying around the quarries.
Further, the stones at Baalbek are among the largest ‘megaliths’ in the world. The weight of the largest is around 1500 tonnes. Sofar, no plausible theory exists of how lifting these stones is possible – even today.
Also Baalbek and Puma Punku are both at same period (Pole II / 100-130.000 BC). It is not likely that the geopolymer technique was used in South America and not in Lebanon – and then later again at Giza.
Finally, the stones are placed with same accuracy as with the other mentioned sites. This is easily done by casting. On the contrary prescision-cutting, moving and placing the stones – as mainstream academia is preaching – is a task of unbelievable proportions in comparison.
Occams razor points towars the theory of casted stone, but also a geopolymer examination would probably provide the evidence.
Thank you, Thomas. It seems plausible that casting was used as one of the techniques like you suggest. The square holes could indeed have been made with square rods stuck in the mixture like you suggest. I wonder how strong a mold has to be to withstand the enormous pressure of such a cast. There are no clear signs of mold seams. How can you make a mold of such sizes from one piece? Every idea has still many questions. There are on the Giza plateau and at other places in Egypt clear signs of holes made with a sort of drill technique. Puma Punku is located on the Southern hemisphere and Baalbek on the Northern. They were both oriented to different poles. We have done extensive research to Tiwanaku (Puma Punka is part of the site) and discovered many more details on the site. Puma Punku is as old as Teotihuacan, and much older than Baalbek.
Good questions Mario. The Geopolymer Institute have made replicas of the Giza size stones which indeed are much smaller. It is a very dry mold with a cosistency of wet sand – so it is not like wet concrete hence the pressure outwards should be smaller(?). You can see an interesting video of the experiment here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=znQk_yBHre4
Also interesting is why they built in such a large scale. In terms of building a tall wall to keep out enemies, the wall do not need to be that deep. Could it be they built it to withstand giant floodwaves and/or earthquakes from shifting crust periods?