We have discovered an astounding mathematical pattern in the orientation of pyramids and temples around the world. Ancient structures align with different geographic poles that existed in the past due to crustal deformations. Geology has called this phenomenon, true polar wander, and believes it happened on a much longer time scale. Because the rhythm between the ancient poles, hence the crustal shifts, match the temperature changes of the last series of ice ages, the probability that this match is coincidental is 0.4%. Ancient humans built these monuments over hundreds of thousands of years. Part of the ancient monuments are as old as early Homo sapiens themselves. Many of these monuments were later rebuilt or modified, but the majority preserved their original orientation. Our research is revolutionary and opens a new door into the hidden mysteries of deep antiquity. Welcome!
Updated With New Data: 9 June 2023
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How Ancient Structures Reveal the Secrets of Earth’s History
The key aspects of our method is the orientation of ancient buildings. Orientation is a purely mathematical concept, because it does not depend on any physical or material properties. Orientation is dimensionless, it has no units, it is timeless and it is weightless. These features reveal its power beyond what science has acknowledged, because science, being materialistic, overlooks the dimensionless mathematics. Orientations only describe the relative direction or angle of something with respect to a reference point. For example, the size, weight, or chemical composition of a building might change over time due to erosion, decay, or renovation. But its orientation remains the same, unless it is deliberately altered or destroyed. However, the original signal can still be detected when the original foundation is used for rebuilding. The orientation of a building is defined by the direction it faces or points to.
Even in the case of the very ancient Harappa civilization, archaeologists discovered older foundations beneath the current ones that are differently oriented, without giving any meaning, validation or credit to this discovery. But we did, and we discovered that this so called Indus Valley Civilization is far older than archaeology believes. We found out that this civilization is originally between 130,000 and 155,000 years old. We’re talking about an advanced civilization here. Our proof is 96.8% certain. Just by looking at orientation patterns of Harappa alone!
Many ancient buildings around the world were oriented with a specific purpose or meaning in mind. Some of them were aligned with the cardinal directions: north, south, east, and west. These directions are determined by the geographic pole, which is the axis of rotation of the Earth. Some examples of cardinally oriented buildings are the pyramids of Giza in Egypt, the Yerkes Observatory in Wisconsin, the White House in Washington D.C., the Taj Mahal in India, Angkor Wat in Cambodia, and the Vatican in Italy. These buildings reflect the current geographic pole and cardinal system that we use today.
However, when we analyze the orientation of virtually all ancient buildings around the world, we discovered something amazing. We find that many of them do not align with the current geographic pole and cardinal system. Instead, they point to different geographic poles that existed in the past, due to crustal displacements caused by planetary expansion. This reveals a hidden pattern and history of ancient civilizations that has been overlooked by mainstream archaeology and geology.
Our research is groundbreaking and revolutionary. It offers a new perspective and paradigm on antiquity and its mysteries. It is based on a novel mathematical method that is simple and powerful. You will not find anything like this anywhere else on the internet, except maybe some copies or imitations of our original material on other websites.
A Simple and Powerful Discovery
Crustal Displacements and Ancient Civilizations: A Mathematical Connection
Our revolutionary model is based on pure mathematics, and it is supported by a vast array of facts from various sources. However, some people are shocked and incredulous by our findings. They refuse to accept that there is any evidence for our model to be true, and they ignore or dismiss our arguments. But how can anyone challenge or reject the established facts of mathematics?
Our new dating model is not only backed up by our mathematical proof, but also by other types of evidence, such as flood myths and stories of “Visitors from the Sky” that are found in many ancient cultures. Moreover, our conclusion is corroborated by scientific observations from different fields, such as the orientation of ancient sites, paleomagnetic data, orbital data of the Earth, and ice core data. All these data point in the same direction, and they confirm our model. There is no way to avoid or deny our conclusions.
Most people are even more astonished when they discover the time frames that we have mathematically proven in our theory. When it comes to ancient civilizations, we have all been taught to think in terms of a few thousand years. But we have found evidence of a much longer and deeper human history that spans more than 350,000 years.
The pyramids of Giza are among the youngest ancient structures on this planet. They are cardinally oriented, which means they align with the current geographic pole. They are the culmination of very advanced civilizations that once inhabited the whole planet.
Agreement on Multiple Fronts and Resolving Conflicts on Several Levels
How the Method Works: A Simple and Effective Approach
We have created a database of pyramids and temples from different parts of the world and analyzed their orientation. We have found that they align in a remarkable mathematical pattern that creates several intersection points. The chances of these large nodes occurring randomly are very low for each point.
These nodes are aligned along latitude lines, which suggest that they are related to major climate shifts caused by crustal movements. Interestingly, we have also found that the distances between nodes match the temperature changes of the past ice ages. Moreover, most of these nodes are concentrated around Greenland. The probability of this pattern coinciding with the temperature fluctuations over the last 350,000 years is 1 in 256.
But there is more. When we look closer at this pattern, we see that the probability of the nodes and the temperature changes fitting together in this specific area is even lower: 1 in 750,000. This is not a coincidence, but a strong mathematical “signal” from nearly 1,200 ancient structures around the world. We have uncovered an ancient phenomenon that has been ignored by conventional science, similar to a hidden message from outer space. It is time to pay attention!
The Orientation of Ancient Structures is the Key to a Deeper Insight
Mathematical Nodes: A Clue to Greenland’s Past and Future
Greenland is a large island with a massive ice sheet of unknown origin. But why does it have so many mathematical nodes running over it? And why do the distances between these nodes match the graphs of glaciation cycles shown below? Is this just a coincidence? It seems very unlikely. The chance of this happening randomly is very low.
This is a strong evidence for the existence of ancient geographic poles, and the true age of ancient structures. Our method shows how the crust shifted in latitude over time. The older the nodes, the more the crust has accumulated deformations. This makes sense, right?
Our theory also explains why and how Greenland’s ice sheet formed. It was because the crust moved Greenland over the spin axis. Greenland’s ice sheet is the last remnant of the huge glaciers that once covered North America, North Europe, and part of Northern Russia. And now it is obvious why this ice sheet will melt, right? Greenland’s location is not cold enough to keep the ice sheet growing or stable. It will melt slowly over time.
How Science Can Improve by Changing Its Ideas
Our theory offers a possible explanation for why CO2 levels follow the temperature changes in the ice cores and why they are not the main driver of past climate variations seems more evident. We can now address some of the outstanding big questions.
It appears that many climate scientists have neglected the fact that Greenland is also the central point of the combined Laurentide, Innuition, and Scandinavian ice sheets.
To “simulate” an icecap on Greenland with computer models that assume this island was never on the geographic pole, a climate scientist would need to use the most unrealistic and unscientific models possible. Climate science is not based on solid evidence – it is a subbranch of science that mostly conforms to the agendas of politicians. Mainstream scientists are reluctant to oppose this agenda and jeopardize their funding.
Our discovery casts doubt on many established ideas in history, paleontology, archaeology, climatology, and geology. Mathematics, as the highest form of science, does not care about ideas based on material “evidence.” Mathematics is the only constant truth wherever we are, whatever we do, whatever we believe, and no matter how much mathematics is disliked or feared. Mathematics can show us that most commonly accepted ideas, from history to geology, are partially based on immature science, because belief systems are still at the core of many sciences.
The North Pole’s Migration and Its Mathematical Link to Ancient Monuments
Ice Ages Were Crustal Displacements
Our new paradigm, based entirely on mathematics, offers a plausible hypothesis about Humanity’s ancient history and its relation to the Earth. It leaves no room for doubt about the astonishing antiquity of humanity and their ancient monuments, and it sheds light on many of the ancient mysteries. Floods were not myths; they were caused by crustal deformations. Science has discovered the ultimate evidence for these events in the Antarctic ice cores, but it misinterpreted them and called them “ice ages.”
It is also important to realize that not all ancient buildings were aligned with an ancient geographic pole. We found that less than half of the ancient monuments in the database did not match any of the nodes. Isn’t that expected? After all, we do not live in a perfect world. Not all ancient architects oriented their structures to the cardinal directions, but most of them did, and thus they left a vital and lasting message for us.
We showed with our new dating method that the geographic North pole moved cyclically in the latitudinal direction over long periods due to expansion. Antarctica stayed at a relatively stable position during the expansion cycles, while the North pole shifted in stages over an angle of almost 38° over the last 350,000 years due to planetary expansion.
The Secret Compass Hidden in Ancient Buildings
Suppose someone wants to build a house on the heath, far from civilization. The house will have a square or rectangular shape. How will this person choose the orientation of the house? Will they follow the cardinal directions? The rising sun? The prevailing winds? The local geography? Or something else? What could this “something else” be?
This may not matter much for an ordinary house, but what about an astronomical observatory? How would an architect orient it? Most observatories are aligned with the cardinal directions. This makes sense. How else could one observe the sky?
If we look at how many cities in the US were built from scratch in remote areas, we see that they are often oriented cardinally. Any other orientation is a kind of random game. A nearly chaotic process of fitting buildings as efficiently as possible in the available space.
Many architects will align their project with the cardinal directions when they have enough space to do so – and some will not. There are many reasons for this, from spatial planning to natural environmental factors like mountains or rivers. This is how this simple (though mathematically complex) method works – it can uncover some hidden aspects of very ancient civilizations.
Proof for Homo sapiens’ Continuous Building Activity
Many people think that there were no advanced humanoids who could build structures when the Earth was going through a series of ice ages over the past hundreds of thousands of years. How do we know that this is true? Because we have no “evidence”? We need more than just vague indications of evidence.
We should be careful about what we consider as evidence. How often have we seen evidence that was later contradicted by other, newer pieces of evidence? When evidence relies on dimensions and measurements such as kilos, Newtons, meters, seconds, Joules, and so on, it is likely that it will be challenged one day by other “standards” of evidence.
Homo sapiens has been on this planet for more than 300,000 years and has been a skilled builder from the beginning. It is the species itself that determines its abilities and not the institutions that we call “educational training”. Homo sapiens has a natural curiosity and creativity that drives it to explore and create. It is not limited by the climate or the environment. It is capable of adapting and innovating. It is possible that Homo sapiens built many structures in the past that we have not yet discovered or recognized.
One way to find out more about these ancient structures is to use mathematics as a tool. Mathematics is neutral and objective. It does not depend on human opinions or interpretations. It does not change over time or space. It is the same for everyone and everywhere. Mathematics can reveal patterns and relationships that are hidden or overlooked by other methods. Mathematics can help us understand the logic and design of ancient structures and their alignment with the poles. Mathematics can help us date and locate these structures and their builders. Mathematics can help us discover the secrets of our ancient history.
Orientation: A Purely Mathematical Concept
Orientation is a concept that has no physical dimension, only a mathematical one. It is not something that we can touch or measure with material units. For example, 90° = ½π and 180° = π, and so on. These are angles that describe the direction of something relative to a reference point. Location is similar; it is also expressed in degrees or Pi, without any material units attached to it. No matter how small or large a planet is, these numbers do not change. These are coordinates that describe the position of something relative to a reference frame. By using orientation and location to define ancient buildings, such as pyramids and temples, the ancient builders show us a way to discover an ultimate and hidden truth: our real ancient history.
Once you understand this concept fully, you will see a whole new world opening up to you!
We have found that ancient buildings often have orientations that relate to ancient cardinal points (like a compass), especially because we have processed and analyzed them in large quantities. The patterns are undeniable, and they immediately show the connection between ancient structures and glaciation cycles. We have concluded that glaciation cycles are caused by latitudinal crustal shifts, which result in “ice ages”. These shifts changed the position of the geographic North pole over time, and thus affect the orientation of the ancient buildings. By studying the orientation and location of these buildings, we can reconstruct the history of the Earth’s crust and climate, and also the history of the ancient civilizations that originally built them.
Examples of Orientations
Why Satellite Footage is Preferred Over Field Work
We have developed a novel method to date the pyramids and other ancient structures based on their orientation, without any need for excavation or physical contact. This is a remarkable achievement that demonstrates the power and elegance of mathematics over the conventional materialistic sensory-based science.
How does this method work? By analyzing the orientation and location of thousands of ancient buildings around the world, we were able to establish a clear relationship between their alignment and their age. This correlation has profound implications for our understanding of the history and culture of ancient civilizations.
This method is also more efficient and less invasive than traditional archaeological techniques. Instead of spending years digging up the ground and potentially damaging the monuments, we can simply use satellite imagery and mathematical models to estimate their age. This way, we can preserve the integrity and beauty of these ancient wonders while gaining new insights into their origins and purposes.
The Hidden Power of Orientation in Archaeology
One of the most surprising and overlooked aspects of ancient structures is their orientation. Archaeology has never seriously been busy with the concept of orientation at all, despite its potential to reveal important information about the history and culture of ancient civilizations. Why is this so?
One possible reason is that archaeology has been dominated by a materialistic and sensory-based approach that focuses on tangible and visible evidence, such as artifacts, inscriptions, and monuments. Orientation, on the other hand, is an abstract and mathematical concept that requires a different kind of thinking and analysis.
Another possible reason is that archaeology has been influenced by a Eurocentric and modernist perspective that assumes that ancient people were primitive and ignorant of astronomy and geometry. Orientation, therefore, is seen as a random or insignificant feature that has no bearing on the meaning or purpose of ancient structures.
These reasons, however, are not valid or justified. Orientation is a crucial and fascinating aspect of ancient structures that deserves more attention and research. Orientation can tell us a lot about the knowledge and beliefs of ancient people, as well as their connection to the Earth and the cosmos. Orientation can also help us date and compare ancient structures across different regions and time periods. Orientation can even reveal hidden secrets and mysteries that have been lost or forgotten for many millennia.
Why We Need an Intersection Line
Finding the intersection point of the orientation of two randomly-picked structures that are not aligned with the cardinal directions is unlikely to yield any meaningful information. This is because their intersection point could be anywhere on the globe, and there is no reason to assume that they have any connection or significance. For example, the pyramids of Giza and the tomb of Ping of Han in China intersect at the current geographic North pole (fig. 5), which suggests that they were deliberately oriented in this way. But what about the majority of structures that are not cardinally oriented?
Can we find any pattern or logic in the orientation of two structures that have an arbitrary angle? For instance, what if we look at Teotihuacan and the Great Ziggurat of Ur? Their intersection point is 35.050N, 93.675W. What does this tell us? Nothing of interest, as far as we know, because we have no clue why these two structures have their unique orientation. No archaeologist can explain why Teotihuacan or the Great Ziggurat of Ur are not aligned with the cardinal directions.
Intersecting lines are just mathematical constructs that have no meaning by themselves. They only become meaningful when we compare and analyze many hundreds of them from different structures and then look for patterns and trends in the data.
How the Intersection Line is Determined
How Earth’s Expansion Moved the North Pole
One of the intriguing questions that arises from our research is how the geographic North pole could have moved so smoothly in the latitudinal direction along the reference line of 47.1W. However, this movement was not as perfect or regular as it may seem. It was actually a complex and irregular process that took hundreds of thousands of years.
We have found the most plausible explanation for this migration pattern: the expansion of the earth.
As we have explained, the crust did not shift uniformly. It underwent severe deformation and distortion, while Antarctica remained relatively stable. This deformation was caused by planetary expansion that pushed the crust outward from the center of the earth.
In Fig 14, we have illustrated the locations of the Poles I to VI with red dots. The size of the red dot indicates the age of each pole, with larger dots representing older poles. The path of the pole is determined by the edges of the red dots, which shows that it was not a straight line, but a rough latitudinal curve.
The reason why the red dots become larger with age is because of the increasing uncertainty of pinpointing a pole within a certain radius. This is because the crust was constantly changing and reshaping due to the crustal displacements.
Orientations on Both Hemispheres are Fundamentally Different
Instantaneous Proof: No Probability of Such a Spread being Coincidental
We have found that many ancient structures around the world share a common orientational feature that cannot be explained by chance. We have found mathematical proof that these structures were aligned with a common geographic pole, which is the spin axis of the earth. However, this pole has not been fixed over time. It has changed its position as the crust has expanded and deformed.
This deformation of the crust has been overlooked by geology for a long time. Geologists have measured it, but they have not interpreted it as a movement of the crust. They have attributed it to “glaciation cycles”, which is a reasonable assumption if you believe that the crust and the earth have been stable for hundreds of thousands of years.
Ironically, geologists have accepted the movement of the “invisible” magnetic field, which is much more massive and complex than the crust. They have assumed that the magnetic field can change directions abruptly and unpredictably, like the weather. But they have ignored the fact that even paleomagnetism, the study of the ancient magnetic field, supports the idea of drastic movements of the crust. When we incorporate the crustal movements in their data, we find that their errors and contradictions are reduced significantly. This adds to the mountain of evidence that we already have.
We have proof from different angles, and they all point to the same astonishing truth. The mythical cataclysms were not myths, but real events that shook the earth and its inhabitants. The ancient architects knew this, and they oriented their structures to a very different geographic pole. Our proof is multifaceted and profound – it goes deep down into the rabbit hole.
Probable Cause of the Earth’s Expansion and Crustal Deformation
We have developed a hypothesis that the expansion of the earth is caused by the influx of subatomic particles from the sun. These particles are emitted by the sun in the form of solar wind and coronal mass ejections (CMEs), which are huge eruptions of plasma. These particles reach the earth and interact with its magnetic field, which has a donut-like shape with two poles at the north and south ends.
The magnetic field acts as a shield and a funnel for the solar particles. Some of them are deflected by the field, while others are trapped and guided by the field lines to the polar regions, mainly to the negatively charged South pole. These areas are called the polar cusps, and they allow the particles to enter the earth’s atmosphere and interior.
We propose that these particles accumulate inside the earth over time, creating extra matter that pushes the planet from within. We also propose that this process is more pronounced at the south pole than at the north pole. This is because the south pole is negatively charged, while the north pole is positively charged. The heaviest solar particles are mostly positively charged protons, so they are more attracted to the south pole than to the north pole.
This imbalance creates a pressure gradient inside the earth, with more pressure at the south pole than at the north pole. This internal pressure gradient drives a flow of matter from the south pole to the north pole, like a sort of atomic plume. This flow of matter causes the earth to expand and deform over time, resulting in crustal displacements, polar migrations and changes in orientation of ancient structures.
We have found several pieces of evidence that support our hypothesis. For example, we have observed that Antarctica has remained relatively stable and unchanged over millions of years, while other continents have shifted and drifted apart. We have also observed that there is a correlation between solar activity and seismic activity on earth. Our hypothesis is still speculative and needs more testing and verification, but we have evidence that it offers a plausible and novel explanation for the expansion of the earth and its consequences for ancient structures and civilizations.
Collective Orientation of Contemporary Buildings
You might wonder if modern buildings also have a collective orientation that deviates from North, just like the ancient ones we studied. But that is not the case. When we look at the data from contemporary buildings, we see that they align almost exactly with our current geographic pole and cardinal directions.
This is true for any region, country, continent, or the whole world. Modern cultures do not seem to favor any other direction than the cardinal ones.
This is part of our evidence to show that ancient buildings had a different orientation for a reason: the geographic pole was in a different place back then, a very long time ago. Our mathematical model contradicts what the conventional history books tell us. History has been too much the terrain of believing scholars for much too long. It is time for another approach.
We used a random location generator for every continent and created a list of 392 contemporary buildings with their location and orientation. When we calculated their average orientation, they all pointed to our current geo pole within ±0.5°. This result confirms that, when we combine the orientation of many independent buildings, they will always point to their geographic pole.
What is the Time Frame for These Ancient Poles?
According to our new perspective on ancient times, the crust shifts (along with its pole) in the latitudinal direction and triggers a new glaciation cycle.
Most researchers, even the most unconventional ones, limit themselves to a time span of a few thousand years. They have never ventured to imagine hundreds of thousands of years. That is why the many ancient structures and myths remain mysterious.
Our new dating method reveals a different history and helps us explain most of the mysteries that no one has ever solved before. There are too many dating puzzles around the world that scholars try to squeeze into less than 10,000 years, which is, based on our extensive research, utterly unreasonable. The labor force required to build all these tens of thousands of structures in a few thousand years was not available. That is another sign that the official timelines are wrong.
We confidently propose a time span of over 400,000 years. Our conclusions are fully supported by data and mathematics.
Consider the Mysteries and Start to Wonder
What are the mysteries we are trying to solve here? You need to keep in mind a long list of mysterious sites to appreciate the scale and complexity of our ancient past, such as:
- What is the purpose and origin of the hundreds of pyramids around the world?
- What is the meaning and function of the thousands of dolmens around the world?
- How were ancient monuments like Puma Punku, Sacsayhuaman, Teotihuacan, Göbekli Tepe built and used? There are thousands of them across the globe.
- How and why were the Nazca lines created?
- Have we ever agreed on how, when and why the pyramids of Giza were built? And if you think you have solved one of these puzzles, don’t celebrate yet, because you have only scratched the surface of the mystery.
- Do you know about the mysterious Kailasa temple? If you have figured out Giza, try to explain this one.
- What about Baalbek, Mount Shoria (Russia), Stonehenge, Carnac, Easter Island, and Yonaguni?
- How did they make, move, and place megaliths weighing up to 1000 metric tons? With mental power or physical technology? If so, how?
- What about the underground city of Derinkuyu in Turkey? How and why was it built?
And this list is just a tiny fraction of the whole mystery. Remember that!
To prove the correct timeline of any one of these mysteries requires more than just educated guesses and vague hypotheses. To even start to solve these ancient puzzles requires more than jumping from one idea to another. It requires a deep understanding of mathematics and undeniable facts. With our new dating method, we have provided enough mathematical evidence to support our claim for a much longer timeline.
Why Ice Ages Were Latitudinal Crustal Deformations
The Mayan, Aztec, and Inca Cultures Are Much Older
The Mayan, Aztec, and Inca cultures are much older than scholars have told us. How did these cultures vanish so quickly? Scholars have never given a convincing explanation for the sudden disappearance of these advanced cultures, except for myths, opinions, and ideas.
For example: When scholars say that a civilization left a city in the 9th century AD, they are referring to the people who inhabited the city, not the people who built it. There is a big difference.
Because they aligned their monuments to an older North pole, the cultures who built them must have also suffered from destructive crustal shifts, which pushed them back into the “stone age.” It would be very hard to survive such a disaster.
It seems that these Mayan, Aztec, and Inca root cultures are much older than we thought. Based on our research, the oldest traces go back to over 700,000 years! These cultures are the origin of human civilization as we know it. The Out-of-Africa theory seems to be very wrong.
How the Ice Core Data Corresponds to the Ancient Poles
How to Interpret Glaciations
The temperatures on Earth vary depending on the latitude where you are. It is important to understand that you can look at a glacial period in two ways:
- The conventional view: During a glaciation, the geo pole stayed where it is now, so the crust did not shift or deform, but the temperature changed anyway. The mechanism behind this glaciation is still unknown. Geologists who think that the Milankovitch cycles caused the ice ages are repeating untested beliefs. We have never seen any calculations that confirm this assumption. Earth is a sphere, and will always get the same amount of solar energy, no matter how the sphere rotates towards the Sun. The climate will have fluctuations of about ±1.4°C, but these changes are due to changing Solar activity.
- Our new view: Crustal deformation causes a glaciation cycle. That is why we see that CO2 follows the temperature changes in the Antarctic ice cores. The ice core data shows that the degree of crustal shift matches the temperature change of each glaciation cycle. The close fit of the two independent patterns proves this immediately. Because the deformations of the crust affect the climate, they are inevitably recorded in the stable ice sheet of Antarctica. The only possible cause is expansion of our planet. The extent of expansion can also be traced back with our method.
The Impact of this new Dating Method
Our methodology allows us to date ancient cultures more reliably, based on the orientations of their monuments, which are related to a glaciation cycle. Each glaciation cycle represents an era. However, some structures do not align with any of the former poles. To date these structures, we need to examine the path of the pole carefully, as they may belong to periods of crustal instability. We have dated many structures, as you can see in the summary below.
Geologists claim that every ice age is a period of supposed cooling. “Supposed” because the conventional view assumes that the crust is rigid and cannot deform significantly over short geological periods. Polar ice sheets that moved to warmer regions will cool that region, and the ice sheets will melt very slowly. Melting takes thousands of years. The warmer region that moved to the pole will also become cold. The melting energy must come from the two Gulf Streams that carry the heat from the equator to the icecaps (according to the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics). That is why there is a warm Gulf Stream and a North Atlantic Drift near Greenland; they are needed to restore the energy balance after a crustal shift.
Following Occam’s Razor, our new methodology offers a simple and clear explanation for glaciation, ancient history, and crustal geology – with the simplest way and the fewest assumptions.
Gathered and Analyzed Data
|Ancient Pyramids, Temples, Sites, Constructions and other monuments||1,130+|
|Found Orientation Clusters (Polar Nodes)||5|
Results of the Data Analyses – All in One Graph
Why did the North Pole Shifted in this Direction?
The North pole moved in this typical almost straight line because of the expansion of our planet. The expansion of our planet is much more recent than the traditional expansionists thought. Our planet was mostly covered with continents and was much smaller. Geologists have named this Pangaea, but then mapped it on the current diameter of our planet. We have strong evidence that our planet was initially half the size of today, and about 50% of the current gravity. This follows from the scientific observation that all the ocean floors are very young. The earth has grown significantly since then.
The big question is when this process began. We have found some answers to this major question. We can estimate the original size of the earth during each pole by measuring the shortest distance from each pole to the current geographic South pole. We can do this confidently because we know with a 99.6% certainty that the South pole did not move, or barely, while the North pole migrated.
Expansion is the Most Probable Cause
|Pole||Radius Earth (km)||Age (ky)|
|I||6,371 ± 0.56%||0 – 26|
|II||5,930 ± 1.5%||130 – 155|
|III||5,740 ± 1.6%||210 – 225|
|IV||5,480 ± 2.7%||240 – 270|
|V||5,040 ± 2.8%||330 – 345|
|VI*||4,650 ± 5.0%||410 – 440|
With our innovative method, we discovered a surprising connection between ice ages and expansion cycles. By using the megalithic structures of our ancient ancestors, which were aligned to different North pole positions, we can reliably estimate how much smaller our planet was in the past.
This discovery opens up a whole new world of questions. Questions like, what made the earth expand? How can we explain the discrepancy between our findings and the traditional expansionists’ claims? How did the oceans form as the earth grew in size? What kind of force or energy was behind the earth’s expansion? Is this why dinosaurs were able to grow so big in a lower gravity environment, and is this why they became extinct as gravity increased? We have found many answers to these urgent and fascinating questions, which will challenge and enlighten you in my upcoming book.
Five Geographic Poles: Mathematically Proven
The Time Frame & Shortlist of Ancient Structures
|Pole||Pyramids, Sites, Temples|
|I: 0 – 26,000 years ago||Borobudur, Konark Sun Temple, Temple of Horus, Pyramids of Giza, Tomb of Emperor Ping of Han|
|26,000 – 130,000||Period of crustal deformation: Pole II to Pole I|
|II: 130,000 – 155,000 years ago||Babylon, Prasat Phum Prasat, Uxmal (Pyramid of the magician), El Mirador, Ka’ba-ye Zartosht|
|155,000 – 210,000||Period of crustal deformation: Pole III to Pole II|
|III: 210,000 – 225,000 years ago||Teotihuacan, Pompeii (temples), Carnac, Edzna, Tomb of Emperor Zhao of Han, Antipatris|
|225,000 – 240,000||Period of crustal deformation: Pole IV to Pole III|
|IV: 240,000 – 270,000 years ago||Yagul, Kuara (Sumer), Great Kyz Kala, El Castillo (Chichen Itza), Pyramid of Koh-Ker|
|270,000 – 330,000||Period of crustal deformation: Pole V to Pole IV|
|V: 330,000 – 345,000 years ago||Tomb of Three Kings of Zhou, Der (Sumer), Nohoch Mul pyramid (Cobá), Caral, Madinet Habu temple, Borsippa (Sumer)|
|345,000 – 410,000||Period of crustal deformation: Pole VI to Pole V|
|VI: 410,000 – 440,000 years ago||Nineveh (Sumer), Sippar (Sumer), Eridu (Sumer), Pyramids of Cochasqui (No. 5, 9, 14), Huaca del Sol, Zabala (Sumer), Caral|
Why Ice Ages Were Crustal Deformations
About the Average Temperature Gradient
As shown in Fig 15, the average temperature gradient of 0.576°C per degree latitude is calculated based on the surface area corresponding to each temperature. For example, the poles have very low temperatures, but their surface areas are much smaller than that of the equator. Therefore, the poles have a negligible effect on the ΔT, which is the difference in temperature per 1 degree latitude.
We use these temperature gradients in our research because they are similar to the method used in the temperature reconstructions from the ice cores. We transform the data from the ice cores and recalculate them into a latitudinal deformation of the crust.
By subtracting the natural temperature variations of 2.8°C from the most significant peaks and valleys in the ice age graphs, we obtain the remaining crustal deformations of the last major events. These deformations match the temperature gradients between two consecutive poles in all cases. The probability of such a match occurring by chance in such a complex set of patterns is 1 in 750,000. We are confident that we have found the correct time frame.
The Crust is More Dynamic Than Often Believed
We have analyzed a large amount of data to determine and verify the location of the former North poles and to evaluate the validity of this new theory.
It is important to understand that Antarctica remained almost stationary at the South pole, while Greenland moved across the North pole. This is consistent with the evidence we have from the isochrons on the ocean floor. The isochrons show that the Pacific plate was stretched due to major expansion cycles. The stretching occurred in both longitudinal and latitudinal directions. This explains why there is no continent in the Pacific. Australia was separated from Antarctica. Zealandia was submerged in the massive stretching process.
A similar process occurred in the Atlantic, but here expansion was mainly in the longitudinal direction. This uneven expansion pushed Greenland over the North pole. In this complex mix of movements, our anchor points are the orientations of ancient megalithic structures of various shapes, sizes, and orientations around the world.
The Earth is more dynamic than we ever imagined. My book (in progress) covers this topic extensively because it is essential but difficult to comprehend.
Our Data Hints as to how Expansion Mechanics Might Work
The orientation of the foundations of ancient buildings, mainly because we processed them in large numbers, gave us profound insights into ancient times. Not only of in what kind of world our ancient ancestors were living, also in the behavior of the earth’s crust. They are both intimately connected.
Ice age graphs correspond to the eccentricity of Earth’s orbit over the last 800,000 years. The chance for these two graphs to correspond to each other coincidentally is 0.00069% or 1 to 145,000. It shows that we must look at eccentricity for the root cause of ice ages, and so also for the root cause of expansion. It is weird to notice that geology consequently overlooked this. However, expansion seems to have more causes than eccentricity alone, solar activity is also involved.
Changes in eccentricity brings another orbit of the earth. It brings all sorts of motion mechanics that might stimulate expansion. There is still a lot to sort out how this expansion mechanics might work.
The Moving Crust Turns Everything Upside Down
The crust in the region of Greenland underwent severe deformation, while Antarctica remained relatively stable at its current position. Greenland moved across the geographic North pole in two shifts between 330,000 and 110,000 years ago, resulting in three former geo pole locations. To illustrate: This is like having three fence posts with two gaps between them. The Greenland ice sheet formed during this era, and that is why it has a thick layer of ice that is melting now.
Earth crust shifts are not sudden events. They are slow, unstoppable processes that last for long periods. The fastest crustal shifts occurred over about 15,000 years, and the slowest ones over about 100,000 years. However, it is a time of constant turmoil, with megaquakes, sloshing oceans, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, and a changing climate due to the shifting latitude and sliding crusts. And of course, increasing gravity.
Sea levels have fluctuated repeatedly over many tens of thousands of years and will change again depending on the location of the new geographic poles. The presence or absence of a geographic pole in the ocean or on land affects the formation of ice sheets.
An Earth crust shift is not the spectacular event that many people imagine it to be. It is a massive, slow, environmentally disruptive, powerful deformation process of the crust that forced many ancient peoples to migrate to safer places. It also caused massive extinctions of the human population that we now call “lost civilizations”. It also accounts for many of the stories of giants in the ancient past.
The Probability that These Facts are True
The chance that the temperature variations during the last ice ages coincided with our identified mathematical hot spots by accident is about 1 in 750,000. This suggests that the following facts are true:
- The geographic North pole moved in the latitudinal direction, while parts of the crust were severely deformed. Many traditions around the world narrate these events as floods and global disasters.
- Antarctica stayed (almost) fixed at its current position. The movement of the geographic North pole leaves proxy traces in the ice sheets of a relative stable and constant South pole. Both pole regions are equally sensitive to changes. That is why the motion of the agile North pole is precisely recorded in the ice layers of the South pole.
- The shifts of the North pole correspond to “ice ages” in the exact sequence and magnitude as they are registered in the ice sheet of Antarctica.
- Ancient structures are aligned to these former geo North poles. The age of the ancient structures is usually as old as the pole.
- A high eccentric orbit around the Sun causes crustal deformation in combination with expansion due to solar activity.
- Greenland’s ice sheet was formed by being repeatedly located at different successive North pole positions, and that its massive ice sheet will eventually melt because it has moved to a place of ‘moderate’ temperatures.
- CO2 lags behind temperature changes and is therefore not the (primary) cause of temperature changes.
Antiquity Reborn – A Scientific Challenge
We believe that our new mathematical hypothesis of crustal displacement will eventually change the scientific perspective on our history. It will take a long time to convince the scientific community of this new paradigm of what happened with the Earth’s crust. This paradigm shift might have a significant impact on the current climate models once the method is validated and accepted by the mainstream community as real and valid.
Of course, it will probably take a long time for this theory to mature. We are working hard to develop our theory, and we are making fast progress. Many knowledgeable scientists are surprised and amazed by our new dating theory – the genie is out of the bottle.
One example of the many profound implications this theory has: how likely is it that paleomagnetism, which is a highly technical and well-funded discipline, develops a correct and valid theory anytime soon? Not very likely – but why is that? Because mainstream Geology stubbornly ignores and dismisses the possibility of a slow latitudinal crawling crust during high eccentric orbits of the Earth around the Sun. But geology also ignores the fact that the Earth has expanded in the past, which is the main cause of the geographic North pole to migrate.
Crustal movements would also leave traces in the magnetizable sediments, and in fact, destroy the patterns that geologists hoped to obtain. That is why this discipline has never come to one overall acceptable view of the movements of the magnetic pole. There is no way to recognize from the samples alone what has moved: the core, the crust or both. Because of the magnetic core moves, it is therefore not the only variable that left traces.
Antiquity Reborn – My Upcoming Book
Currently I am working on a book with the provisional title “Antiquity Reborn” that will challenge many widely accepted paradigms and replace them with new insights, by using mathematics in a way that most people will understand and accept as valid. The book will first be published in Dutch and then translated into other languages. The Dutch version is expected to be released in 2024.
Our book will not only provide the necessary evidence to show what happened in the distant past, but also offer a framework to develop a new perspective on lost civilizations and their fate. It will also help us understand who we are and where we come from. It will solve many mysteries and unite many scientific disciplines, while also opening up new avenues for further inquiry.
Thank you for your time, I welcome your comments and questions!
© 2015 – by Mario Buildreps et al.
Proofreading and editing: J.B.
Disclaimer: The database is the product of the research conducted by Mario Buildreps and his collaborators. The data has been peer-reviewed by a PhD expert in mathematics and physics of a reputable scientific institute who wishes to remain anonymous. The findings of dense nodal formations based on the orientations of ancient monuments over Greenland have been independently verified and confirmed. The conclusions are derived and supported by probabilistic data analysis, other conclusions than the ones I have drawn based on the data are unlikely, despite the many alternative suggestions that I have received from readers and critics. Some critics have complained that the data is not publicly accessible, but this is justified by the enormous amount of work, time, and resources that I have personally invested in this project. My conclusions are based on the data and the correlations among the data, not on beliefs. I have calculated the probabilities using established methods and statistical techniques, and I have confirmed them with numerical simulations based on the database and other sources. My conclusions may differ from the existing sources, and they might oppose the establishment, but I have based my conclusions on factual data.
References, Sources and some Recommendations:
- Earth’s Shifting Crust: A Key to Some Basic Problems of Earth Science (1958). This is Charles Hapgood’s first book that introduced his theory of crustal displacement and how it could explain some geological and climatic phenomena. It included a foreword by Albert Einstein, who supported his idea.
- The Earth’s Shifting Crust: A Key to Some Basic Problems of Earth Science (1970). This is a revised and updated edition of his previous book, with new data and evidence. It also included a new chapter on the possible effects of crustal displacement on human history and civilization.
- Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings: Evidence of Advanced Civilization in the Ice Age (1966). Hapgood explored the possibility that some ancient maps, such as the Piri Reis map, contained accurate information about the geography and coastlines of the world before the last ice age. He argued that these maps were based on older sources that originated from a lost civilization that had advanced knowledge of cartography and navigation.
- The Path of the Pole (1970). This is Charles Hapgood’s third book that expanded on his theory of crustal displacement and how it could account for some of the mysteries and anomalies of ancient history and archaeology. He also discussed some possible scenarios and implications for the future of the Earth and humanity.
- Mystery in Acambaro (1972). Charles Hapgood’s fourth book that investigated the controversial discovery of thousands of ceramic figurines in Acambaro, Mexico, that depicted dinosaurs and other extinct animals. He suggested that these figurines were evidence of a prehistoric contact between humans and dinosaurs, and that they supported his theory of crustal displacement.
- True Polar Wander: An Analysis of Cenozoic and Mesozoic Paleomagnetic Poles by Gordon and Cox (1980) published in Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. This is a journal article that analyzes the paleomagnetic data from Cenozoic and Mesozoic rocks to determine the amount and direction of true polar wander, which is the movement of Earth’s geographic poles relative to its surface. The article finds that true polar wander has occurred at an average rate of about 0.5 degrees per million years over the past 200 million years, and that it has been mostly along two axes: one perpendicular and one parallel to the ecliptic plane. The article also discusses some of the possible causes and consequences of true polar wander, such as changes in Earth’s moment of inertia, mantle convection, plate tectonics, climate, etc.
- Were the Ice Ages really just True Polar Wandering Events? https://utahgeology.com/were-the-ice-ages-really-just-true-polar-wandering-events/ The paper by Lance Weaver proposes a novel hypothesis that the ice ages were caused by true polar wander (TPW), a phenomenon where the Earth’s rotation axis shifts relative to its surface due to changes in the mass distribution of the planet1. The author claims that TPW can explain the observed patterns of glaciation and deglaciation during the Pleistocene epoch, as well as the apparent migration of the North Pole over time. The paper presents a 3D interactive map tool that visualizes the extent and location of the ice sheets and the pole position at different time intervals.
- The Orientation of Roman Towns in Italy by Magli (2008) published in Nexus Network Journal. This is a journal article that investigates the orientation of Roman towns in Italy using a geographic information system (GIS) and a statistical analysis. The article finds that Roman towns were not oriented randomly, but rather according to astronomical criteria, such as solstices, equinoxes, sunrise or sunset directions, etc. The article also finds that Roman towns were oriented differently depending on their location and historical period, reflecting different cultural influences and traditions. The article suggests that Roman town planning was based on a cosmological vision that connected the urban space with the celestial sphere.
- The Orientation of Prehistoric Monuments in Britain by Ruggles (1999) published in Journal for the History of Astronomy. This is a journal article that reviews the evidence and arguments for the orientation of prehistoric monuments in Britain, such as stone circles, henges, passage graves, etc. The article finds that prehistoric monuments were not oriented randomly, but rather according to astronomical criteria, such as solstices, lunar standstills, star risings or settings, etc. The article also finds that prehistoric monuments were oriented differently depending on their type and function, reflecting different social and religious practices and beliefs. The article suggests that prehistoric astronomy was not a separate or isolated activity, but rather an integral part of prehistoric culture and worldview.
- The Orientation of Mayan Ceremonial Centers by Aveni et al. (2003) published in Ancient Mesoamerica. This is a journal article that examines the orientation of Mayan ceremonial centers in Guatemala using a GIS and a statistical analysis. The article finds that Mayan ceremonial centers were not oriented randomly, but rather according to astronomical criteria, such as solstices, equinoxes, zenith passages, eclipses, etc. The article also finds that Mayan ceremonial centers were oriented differently depending on their location and historical period, reflecting different political and religious influences and alliances. The article suggests that Mayan astronomy was not only a scientific or calendrical activity, but also a symbolic and ritual activity that expressed the Mayan cosmology and ideology.
- Fingerprints of the Gods: The Evidence of Earth’s Lost Civilization by Graham Hancock. This is a book published by Crown Publishers in 1995. It explores the possibility that an advanced civilization existed before the end of the last ice age and that its traces can be found in various ancient sites around the world. It also discusses the theory of crustal displacement proposed by Charles Hapgood as a possible cause for the shifts in orientation.
- Voices of the Rocks: A Scientist Looks at Catastrophes and Ancient Civilizations by Robert Schoch. This is a book published by Harmony Books in 1992. It argues that some ancient structures, such as the Sphinx and the pyramids of Egypt, are much older than traditionally dated and that they were built by a prehistoric civilization that was wiped out by a global cataclysm. It also presents evidence from geology, astronomy, and archaeology to support this hypothesis.
- The Orion Mystery: Unlocking the Secrets of the Pyramids by Robert Bauval and Adrian Gilbert. This is a book published by Heinemann in 1994. It proposes that the three main pyramids of Giza are aligned with the three stars of Orion’s belt and that this alignment reflects a connection between ancient Egyptian religion and astronomy. It also suggests that this alignment was deliberately chosen to mark a specific date in prehistory when Orion was at its lowest point on the meridian.
- Pyramid Quest: Secrets of the Great Pyramid and the Dawn of Civilization by Robert Schoch and Robert Aquinas McNally. This is a book published by Jeremy P. Tarcher/Penguin in 2005. It revisits Schoch’s theory of an older date for the Sphinx and examines new evidence and arguments for his claim. It also explores other aspects of ancient Egyptian culture and history, such as religion, mythology, art, science, and technology, and their possible connections to other ancient civilizations around the world.
- The Secret Chamber Revisited: The Quest for The Lost Knowledge Of Ancient Egypt by Robert Bauval. This is a book published by Inner Traditions/Bear & Company in 2014. It follows up on Bauval’s previous research on the Orion correlation theory and investigates new discoveries and controversies regarding hidden chambers and tunnels inside or under some of the pyramids of Giza. It also delves into some esoteric and mystical aspects of ancient Egyptian wisdom and spirituality, such as alchemy, astrology, numerology, sacred geometry, and initiation rites.